These four animations from Médecins Sans Frontières explain why people in developing countries can’t get the HIV medicines they need to survive and how setting up a ‘patent pool’ could change that.
MSF calls on researchers and pharmaceutical companies to act: put your patents in the pool!
How it works
The idea behind a patent pool is that companies, researchers or universities license the patents on their inventions to one entity: the patent pool.
In this way, any company which wants to use the inventions can get a licence from the Pool, under pre-determined licensing terms, in exchange for royalties. It could then produce generic versions of the patented inventions and export them to countries covered by the licence.
The licences should be valid for a wide geographical area which would mean an attractively large market for potential producers. This process will encourage multiple producers to come forward, resulting in competition between producers and bringing drug prices down.
Push for the Pool Campaign: